Buddhist thoughts on dating

18 Apr

During the Sātavāhana dynasty in the 2nd - 1st century BC early Buddhist monks did something what is hard to do even today - they managed to carve huge halls in the hard basalt rock of Deccan trap.

Zenith of Ajanta though came in 460 - 480 AD, during Vakataka dynasty.

Here, as it is seen in many ancient stone structures around the world, architecture is modelled after wooden architecture.

Earlier structures were modelled after the simpler Hinayana cave temples.

It seems that simultaneous building of 20 viharas, each patroned by separate influential authority, rised rivalry among architects and artists, thus adding much splendour to Ajanta Caves.

Concept of construction of Buddhist temples underwent revolution sometimes around 460 - 470 AD and as a result the initially planned comparatively simple dormitories turned out to be complex, sophisticated religious complexes.Layout was marked on cliff face and the works started from above and went downwards until reaching the floor level.Basic work was done with sharp pick-axes, then the cliff face was levelled by hammer and chisel. Largest spaces without supports reach 21 x 15 metres - slightly smaller than basketball field.In many aspects the art in Ajanta symbolises the golden age of ancient Indian culture, especially during the reign of emperor Harishena of Vakataka dynasty. In Ajanta murals were made in a specific way, involving several stages of work.First the surface was prepared - stone surface was chiseled to make rough surface holding the plaster.